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BOWLER'S RESPONSIBILITIES
 
SAFETY and RISK MANAGEMENT, ETIQUETTE and FAIR PLAY and DUTIES OF A MARKER
 


SAFETY and RISK MANAGEMENT
Players are to be aware of risk factors and hazards arising in the bowling environment and during the game.
•Warm up and stretch before play.
•Stepping on and off the green – always step sideways.
•Avoid stepping on bowls or jacks – never walk backwards.
•Do not place hands or feet in the way of a moving bowl.  Do not try to stop a drive.
•Be aware of the impact of existing injuries when bowling.
•Wear appropriate clothing, headwear and sun cream.
Drink plenty of water before, during & after a game.
•Placing the mat correctly on the bank.
•Do not leave bags or bowls gear in harm’s way on the banks.
•Positioning for a drive out of harm’s way.
•Walking safely on bowling green surface and adjacent areas.
•Players informing Club of injuries/ ill health that may need special attention at times.
•Smoking only in designated areas.
•Washing hands before consuming food – Greens frequently are treated with chemicals.
 
ETIQUETTE and FAIR PLAY
At the start of any game a coin is tossed to decide possession of the mat. Usually skips toss. The winner may start play first or give the mat to the opponent.
•Markers, umpires and measurers are to be treated with respect.
•The umpires' decision is final in all circumstances except those relating to meaning or interpretation of the law.
•Bowlers address each other by their given or preferred names and share the task of kicking bowls.
•Leads in a game may decide on whether they hand each other their bowls.
•All bowls are removed from the ditch and dusted.
•POSSESSION OF THE RINK Law 35          
•1.  Possession of the rink will belong to the player or team whose bowl is being played.
2. As soon as each bowl comes to rest, possession of the rink will transfer to the opposing player/team.
(e.g. Not in possession of the rink means no distractions, no talking, no movements)
•POSITION OF PLAYERS Law 37
1.  Players at the mat-end of the rink who are not delivering a bowl should stand at least 1 metre behind the mat.
2. Players at the head-end of the rink and who are not controlling play should stand
  2.1 behind the jack if they are members of the team which is in possession of  the rink;
  2.2 behind the jack and away from the head if they are members of the team which is not in possession of  the rink;
  2.3 on the surrounds of the green if the jack is in the ditch; or
  2.4 well clear of the head if it is not possible to stand on the surrounds;
3. As soon as a bowl is delivered, a  player who is controlling play from a position that is either level with or in front of the jack, should take their position behind the jack and away from the head.
4. No compliance with this law can result in a warning and if unheeded a bowl declared dead.
•THE SKIP Law 37.1  
1.  The skip shall have sole charge of the team. The Skip is responsible for the score card.
2.  A skip shall decide all disputed points of the Laws with the opposing skip, or refer to the Umpire. The skip can delegate their powers to any other team members so long as the opposition skip is informed.
•The score for each end is determined by the thirds in a Fours match, the seconds in a Triples match, the leads in a Pairs match, and both players in a Singles match.
•Bowlers should not delay play by leaving the rink without consent. They should not seek consent to leave the green when there is no reasonable necessity.
•If a player follows a bowl to the head, the player needs to be past the bowl before it comes to rest.
•Thirds & Skips need to clarify what information each can give and receive during the game.
•Praise is the best incentive.  Avoid being negative to yourself and others.
•Become aware of the laws of the game.
•Shake hands with your opponent and thank them for the game.  Acknowledge displays of exceptional skill.
•As part of clubhouse courtesy team players sit with their opponents offering their visitors refreshment. The winner offers the first purchase of refreshment and in singles games the marker should be included.
•Mats and jacks are to be returned to their usual distribution point
•Attire: Social play is smart and clean casual. Competition play is whites or Club uniform. Flat sole shoes.
•Respect the green - don’t drop bowls onto the green; avoid walking on the plinth

DUTIES OF A MARKER
The marker shall:
(i) Centre the jack, and place a full length jack 2m from the front ditch in compliance with Law 19.
(ii) Ensure that the jack is a minimum of 21m from the mat line after it has been centred.
(iii) Stand at one side of the rink, and at least 2 metres to the rear of the jack.
(iv) Answer any specific question relating to the existing state of the head while the player is in possession of the rink and when requested clearly indicate the shot if possible.
(v) Mark all touchers immediately they come to rest, and remove marks from non-touchers. With the agreement of both opponents the marker shall remove all dead bowls from the green and the ditch. The marker shall mark the positions of the jack and 'touchers' which are in the ditch. (See Laws 23 and 29).
(vi) Protect the head from any disturbance by outside objects.
(vii) Not move, or cause to be moved, either jack or bowls until each player has agreed to the number of shots.
(viii) Measure carefully all doubtful shots when requested by either player. If unable to come to a decision satisfactory to the players, the marker shall call the umpire whose decision shall be final.
(ix) Enter the score at each end, and intimate to the players the state of the game. When the game is finished, the marker shall see that the score card, containing the names of the players, is signed by the players. and disposed of in accordance with the rules of the competition.